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THE HISTORY Of WELDING

Nov 22, 2016

 

For the 1924 Broadway play, see Eugene O'Neill.  Gas metal arc welding (MIG welding) Welding is a fabrication or sculptural process that joins materials, usually metals or thermoplastics, by causing fusion, which is distinct from lower temperature metal-joining techniques such as brazing and soldering, which do not melt the base metal. there are also solid state welding processes such as friction welding or shielded active gas welding in which metal does not melt.  Some of the best known welding methods include:  Shielded metal arc welding (SMAW) also known as "stick welding or electric welding", uses an electrode that has flux around it to protect the weld puddle. The electrode holder holds the electrode as it slowly melts away. Slag protects the weld puddle from atmospheric contamination. Until the end of the 19th century, the only welding process was forge welding, which blacksmiths had used for centuries to join iron and steel by heating and hammering. Following the wars, several modern welding techniques were developed, including manual methods like SMAW, now one of the most popular welding methods, as well as semi-automatic and automatic processes such as GMAW, SAW, FCAW and ESW. Developments continued with the invention of laser beam welding, electron beam welding, magnetic pulse welding (MPW), and friction stir welding in the latter half of the century. Today, the science continues to advance. Robot welding is commonplace in industrial settings, and      researchers continue to develop new welding methods and gain greater understanding of weld quality.

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